How to change handguards on AK47 type rifles

After removing the bolt carrier from the rifle…
From the J.A.Freeman AK47 / AK74 Website
How to change handguards on AK rifles

TOOLS NEEDED: Vise or Quick Clamp,hammer,rubber/wood/rawhide mallet,screwdriver,punch,adjustable wrench,padding for vise jaws(old leather belt,rubber,rags,etc..).

After removing the bolt carrier from the rifle, look on the right side of the rifle below the rear sight. There you will see a lever,move it up and you will notice it turns the gas tube retaining pin.

It has a flat side on it that once it is lined up and down the gas tube can be removed from the rifle by pulling up on the back end of it. Here is the lever in the correct position to remove the upper handguard.

As you can see from the above pic that the gas tube is larger on the rear end and has a flat on each side. Notice the retainers that hold the wood on are open on the bottom. Once the wood is rotated 180 degrees on the gas tube it can be pulled off.

There are 3 ways to get the wood off the gas tube.

Put the rear of the gas tube into a vise with the gas tube upright in the vise,clamping on the flats on each side of the rear of the gas tube. Then with your hand rotate the wood 180 degrees and pull it off.

Clamp the wood side ways in the vise. Then use the adjustable wrench to turn the gas tube 180 degrees and pull it off the wood.

If you don’t have a vise hold the wood in one hand and use the adjustable wrench to turn the gas tube 180 degrees and pull them apart.

Reverse the above process to apply the new upper handguard to the gas tube. I have found in changing the handguards on a couple of dozen AK type rifles that using ways #1 and # 3 will work 95% of the time.

A Quick Clamp can be used in place of a vise to hold the gas tube.

Changing the lower handguard:

Notice in the pic below the small lever on the right front of the lower handguard.

It is connected to a pin on the metal lower handguard retainer. The pin is flat on one side so the lever must be upright or all the way foreword to allow the retainer to slide foreword on the barrel. Use a screwdriver to pry the lever up. Some retainers are pretty tight on the barrel and might require being tapped with punch/hammer to get them to start moving. Once the retainer is pushed foreword on the barrel till it is stopped by the gas block on the barrel. Then the lower handguard can be pulled forward and off the rifle. The lower handguard has a tang of wood that goes into the front of the receiver. Some rifles lower handguards have a metal spacer that attaches to the wood tang. So you don’t want to do any up/down,side to side pulling on the lower handguard. I have found that holding the lower handguard with one hand and hitting the rear sight block with a rubber mallet will remove it easily. Once the handguard is replaced slide the metal retainer on to the wood and rotate the lever into the down position.

 

Some lower and upper handguards will be loose after changing out the wood. 1/8″wide x 1″long strips can be cut from a coke can or tin can depending on low loose they are and inserted between the retainers and wood.

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How to load a 75rd and 100rd AK47drum

The 7.62x39mm drums for AK type rifles were made in 75rd and 100rd versions. The only difference between them besides capacity is …
From the J.A.Freeman AK47 / AK74 Website
How to load a 75rd and 100rd AK47drum

Chinese drums

The 7.62x39mm drums for AK type rifles were made in 75rd and 100rd versions. The only difference between them besides capacity is the 100rd drum is larger in diameter. Both have the same controls,are loaded and function the same way. A 75rd drum is used in all pics but the 100rd drum is loaded exactly the same way. The first thing is to open the latches on either side of the feed tower and open the cover on the back of the drum. The whole “trick” to get them to function 100% is to have the follower in the correct position before loading any cartridges into the drum. In the pic below the point of the knife is pointing to the follower.

At this point press the button in the center of the drum. This releases the spring pressure so make sure all your fingers are clear of the cartridge (this is the part that surrounds the spring release button that has all the cutouts in it for the ammo).

WARNING
The cartridge will spin around very fast and cut the crap out of any part of your fingers it hits. Been there done this and the cartridge of the first drum I bought has some slight stains/pitting in a couple of spots from my bloody index finger.

Once the spring pressure has been released hold the spring release button down and spin the cartridge clockwise till it stops. It should be in this position just like in the pic below.

The 7.62x39mm drums for AK type rifles were made in 75rd and 100rd versions. The only difference between them besides capacity is the 100rd drum is larger in diameter. Both have the same controls,are loaded and function the same way. A 75rd drum is used in all pics but the 100rd drum is loaded exactly the same way. The first thing is to open the latches on either side of the feed tower and open the cover on the back of the drum. The whole

The drum is now ready for loading. Insert the ammo nose down into all the slots and holes in the cartridge. Below is a pic of a partly loaded drum note that the top slots will not hold 6 rds like all the others. Single rds are put into the holes on the outer edge of the cartridge.

Once all the slots and holes have been filled with ammo the drum is ready to go just close the lid,lock the latches. The loaded drum can be stored loaded with no pressure on the spring. To use the drum just wind the key on the back of the drum 4 or 5 turns,and the drum is ready to be inserted into your rifle and fired.

At this point you are saying to yourself Hey,Whoa bogus instructions man! I counted the number of rds in the drum and it is not 75. Well you are right it is not,but to get 75 rds into the drum you need to insert them into the feed tower one at a time or wind the drum up. Then release the spring pressure and carefully rotate the cartridge clockwise and fill up the empty holes with ammo. Watch the ammo in the feed tower as it will fall back into the drum hanging up the cartridge if you are not careful. But…. the feed tower has a spring on the inside of it that when the drum is loaded with 75rds is compressed. The whole idea of the Chinese drum being better for long term storage than the Russian ones is that it can be stored loaded without any spring being compressed i.e. no stress on the parts. So I fill up my drums with only as much ammo as the cartridge will hold and not 75rds so as not to stress the spring in the feed tower.

As far as maintenance and cleaning goes I have fired my 9-75rd and 3-100rd drums at least 5 times each and some 10+ times without cleaning except one. I dropped it in the dirt with it open. So I used a can of brake parts cleaner to hose it out and a pump spray bottle of CLP to re lube the inside. All my drums have been 100% reliable.

RUSSIAN DRUMS

They are loaded by pressing the loading lever on the back of the drum and inserting one cartridge. Then repeating this 74 more times till it is fully loaded and man is it a bitch. They work 100% but give you a sore red thumb. They are great collector items but get a Chinese drum for shooting. Besides loading them the really downside is that the spring is under constant pressure when loaded unlike the Chinese drums.

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AK47 drum and magazine overview

The 2 types of drums imported for use in AK47 rifles that are chambered for the 7.62x39mm cartridge are the Chinese type and the Russian type. The Chinese type drums are easy to spot …
From the J.A.Freeman AK47 / AK74 Website
AK47 drum and magazine overview

Drums

The 2 types of drums imported for use in AK-47 rifles that are chambered for the 7.62x39mm cartridge are the Chinese type and the Russian type. The Chinese type drums are easy to spot as the feed tower that is inserted into the magazine well of the rifle is about 90 degrees perpendicular to the body of the drum

When the drum is inserted into a rifle it hangs straight down. These drums also have 2 clasps that hold the hinged rear cover on the drum.

All Chinese drums come with a carry handle? I use the handle to tie the drum pouch to the drum.

There were 2 sizes of Chinese drums imported the 75 round and the 100 round. All the parts are the same on both drums except the 100 round is just larger. Loading and function are the same for both sizes.

The 100 round drums are unmarked and have the same style winding key as the 36 in a triangle marked 75 round drums.

Chinese drum markings

There are 2 types of markings on the 75 round drums. A 36 in a triangle and a 9396 in a oval. I have measured the parts of both types of drums and they are identical. The only difference besides the markings is the winding key on the 9396 in a oval drums has a elongated oval cut out in it.

Russian type drums

Russian type drums were produced in Russia and several of the Russian satellite countries. They don’t have the back that opens up, but must be loaded by inserting one round at a time while pushing the loading lever each time.

In this picture you can see the difference in the angle of the feed towers. The Russian drum is on the left and the Chinese on the right. When inserted into a rifle the Russian drum angles foreword and the Chinese pretty much hangs down straight.

Magazines

Magazines were produced in many countries and with capacities from 5-55 rounds. There are larger capacity ones produced but they were experimental or custom made not standard production. This page will cover the common magazines imported by country. As with drums there are basically two types Chinese and Russian patterns. The pic below there is a one of each and they can be distinguished by the Russian pattern having a rib down the back (right one) and the Chinese (left one) doesn’t. Also notice the different type of reinforcing ribs on the bottom sides of the mags. Measuring both types with calipers the thickness of the metal in the different parts of the mags is the same. The mag bodies are made of two stamped pieces spot welded together. The front of both pattern mags are folded over each other then spot welded as is the back of the Chinese mag also done this way. The Russian mag has the back of the two mag halves folded out then spot welded forming the rib you see in the pic.

Chinese

Chinese magazines were imported in 2 calibers 7.62x39mm and 5.56x45mm/223 Remington. 7.62x39mm mags were imported with capacities of 5,10,20,30,and 40 rounds. 5.56x45mm mags were imported in 10 and 30 rounds. Here is a pic of a 30rd 7.62 and a 30rd 5.56 mag. Notice how the curve of the 7.62 mag is greater than the 5.56. This is because the taper of the 7.62 cartridges from the back to the front is greater than the 5.56 cartridge and the curve is needed so it will feed smoothly from the mag.

10rd 7.62 on the left and 10rd 5.56 on the right.

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AK47 ammo identification

The 7.62x39mm cartridge was invented by the Russians and adopted as the M-43 cartridge in 1943. The cartridge was developed in response to..
From the J.A.Freeman AK47 / AK74 Website
AK rifle ammo identification

7.62x39mm

The 7.62x39mm cartridge was invented by the Russians and adopted as the M-43 cartridge in 1943. The cartridge was developed in response to getting there ass's kicked by the Germans with their new Mkb-42 assault rifle that fired the 7.92x33mm cartridge from it's 30rd mag. Latter in 1944 the German developed the Stg-44 which used stamped sheet metal receiver and 30rd mag. The Stg stands for Sturmgewher which translates to Assault Rifle. The first rifle the Russians designed to fire the new cartridge was the SKS-45 adopted in 1945. The 10 shot fixed mag of the SKS just didn't cut it and the AK-47 that used a 30rd mag was adopted in 1947.

The 7.62x39mm cartridge was invented by the Russians and adopted as the M-43 cartridge in 1943. The cartridge was developed in response to getting there ass’s kicked by the Germans with their new Mkb-42 assault rifle that fired the 7.92x33mm cartridge from it’s 30rd mag. Latter in 1944 the German developed the Stg-44 which used stamped sheet metal receiver and 30rd mag. The Stg stands for Sturmgewher which translates to Assault Rifle. The first rifle the Russians designed to fire the new cartridge was the SKS-45 adopted in 1945. The 10 shot fixed mag of the SKS just didn’t cut it and the AK-47 that used a 30rd mag was adopted in 1947.

Chinese 7.62x39mm

Ammo

The Chinese leader Chairman Mao Tse-dong formed very close ties to the Russians in the early 1950′s. This resulted in lots of aid from the Russians. Some of the aid was the boxing up of the machinery of whole factories to produce the SKS and AK-47 rifles. The Russians supplied the machinery and technicians to set the factories up. The SKS,AK-47,and the 7.62x39mm cartridge were adopted by the Chinese in 1956. This resulted in both rifles and the cartridge being called the type-56 for year of adoption. Chinese steel core ammo was banned by the BATF in a letter to FFL dealers and importers in Febuary,1994. All Chinese ammo was imported till May of 1994 when Pres. Clinton sent a letter to the BATF outlawing imports of Chinese ammo and guns.

The first 7.62x39mm ammo imported to the USA was military surplus. It was packed in 2 sealed metal tins per wooden case. The ammo for the SKS rifle was packed in 550 rounds per tin,1100 rounds per wooden case. It was on 10rd stripper clips with 2 or 3 stripper clips per 20rd or 30rd paper wrapped bundle. Some were tied with string and some not.

All ammo packed in the paper wrapped bundles has steel core bullets.

The Chinese surplus ammo was also packed in 20 round paper wrapped bundles tied with string in tins of 700 or 720. Wooden cases of 1400 or 1440.

Here is a pic of the headstamps of Chinese ammo. The top number is the number of the factory that produced the ammo. The bottom number is the year of production.

Here is a pic of the headstamps of Chinese ammo. The top number is the number of the factory that produced the ammo. The bottom number is the year of production.

Here is a pic of the earliest and latest dated Chinese ammo imported to the US.

How to tell if your ammo has steel core bullets

The cartridge in the center has a steel core bullet. The others on either side have lead core bullets except the one on the right that is a experimental round that has plastic beads in the nose and a lead core.

You can’t use a magnet to check if your ammo has steel core bullets!

All Chinese ammo uses bullets made with copper plated steel jackets, So using a magnet is useless because it will be sticking to the steel bullet jacket and not the steel core. The only way to tell if your ammo is steel core is to pull a bullet. Steel core bullets are over 1″ long, have a boat tail, and have black sealer on them. In the pic the steel core bullet is on the left and the lead core on the right.

Only Chinese factories 31, 71, 311 and 351 made lead core ball. (maybe 61 also, but not sure)

Any other Chinese factory code will be steel core.
Lead core ball from 31 ALWAYS has a green case mouth seal.
Lead core ball from 71 ALWAYS has a knurled crimping groove on the projectile.
Lead core ball from 311 and 351 is harder to tell, but generally the rounds have NO case mouth seal or primer seal and date from 1991-1994
The earliest known lead core from 31 is 1990 dated.
The earliest known lead core from 71 is 1988 dated.

Commercial Packaged Ammo

All the commercial ammo was packed in the same style wooden crates as the surplus ammo. The first commercial ammo I saw was the green box Norinco that was packed 20rds per box,600rds per tin, and 2 tins per wooden case of 1200rds. Afterwards all the ammo was packed 60-20rd boxes per wooden case and all the boxes were wrapped in one large clear plastic bag.

5.56x45mm

Chinese 223 Remington ammo mfg. by Norinco was imported in 20 rd yellow boxes with a Styrofoam insert. It was brass cased, boxer primed, with a 55 grain fmj bullet. The headstamp is a C at 10 o’clock, a J at 2 o’clock, and a single digit for year of mfg. at 6 o’clock.

This ammo came packed 60- 20 round boxes per 1200 round wooden case. Having shot and reloaded the cases several times I can say that it is pretty good ammo.

Chinese military surplus ammo was imported in 7.62x25mm,9x18mm Makarov, 7.62x39mm, and 7.62x54R mm. Commercial packaged ammo was imported in 7.62x25mm, 9x18mm Makarov, 9x19mm, 45acp, 5.56x45mm / 223 Remington, 30 Carbine, 7.62x39mm, 7.62x51mm / 308 Winchester, and 7.62x54R. The Chinese 30 Carbine ammo was pretty interesting as it had the same headstamp as US military ammunition made at the Lake City Ammunition Plant in 1952. That is “L C 52″.

Russian Ammo

Small quantities of Russian ammo was imported from other countries but was in small amounts intended for the cartridge collector market or mislabeled as to country of mfg. Until the fall of the Soviet Union all arms and ammo were banned from import to the US by law. A large amount of Russian steel core 7.62x39mm ammo was imported in late 1993/early 1994 but due to the BATF re-classifying 7.62x39mm steel core ammo as armor piercing ammo in February 1994. The import or sale of 7.62x39mm ammo with steel core bullets by FFL holders was banned to anyone one but military, law enforcement, or other govt. agencies. So very little of it made it into the hands of shooters or collectors. As you can see in the picture below it came in unmarked 20rd boxes.

The re-classifying of steel core ammo put a stop to the import of Russian 7.62x39mm ammo till 1995 when a large amount of ammo was imported from Germany. In Germany stocks of former East German steel core ammo from Russia, Romania, and East Germany had the bullets pulled and lead core bullets seated in the cases so it could be imported to the USA. This ammo even though new bullets were used the cases still had the corrosive primers in them. So make sure to clean your rifle thoroughly. The banning of steel core ammo in February 1994 and the banning of all Chinese ammo imports in April 1994 resulted in the price of a case of 7.62x39mm going up to over 3 times the price it was before the 1994 ammo import bans. The import of the large quantity of the re-bulleted German ammo resulted in the price dropping from over $300 per case to a little under $200 a couple months after it was first imported. In 1997 imports of new production Russian 7.62x39mm ammo with lead core bullets started coming into the US and case prices started dropping. The first was packed in plain white boxes with black printing. In this pic the box is unfolded so all the printing can be seen but it is the standard style 20rd box that all 7.62x39mm Russian ammo comes in.

The first Russian ammo for AK rifles imported in shooting quantities was imported by Intrac Arms International LLC and was 5.45x39mm. It was imported in 1997 along with the first AK rifles imported chambered for the 5.45x39mm cartridge the Romanian CUR-2. This ammo had lacquered steel cases loaded with a 70 grain lead core fmj bullet. The headstamp is a 3 over 96 denoting mfg. by Ulyanovsk in 1996. It was packed in 30rd paper wrapped bundles with paper separators in each bundle and the bundle was stapled on both ends. There were 36-30 round bundles per sealed tin of 1080 rounds. Two tins per wooden case of 2160 rounds. Each case came with a tool to open the tins in a cut out in the inside of one side of the wooden case’s wall.

This ammo has corrosive primers which can be noted by the color of the primer. Notice they are gunmetal grey and not the gold color of non corrosive primers in current imported Russian ammo.

Headstamps

USSR / Russia Mfg. codes 5.45×39, 7.62×39 and 7.62x54r

3 = Ulyanovsk
7 = Amursk (Vympel)
17 = Barnaul
60 = Frunze
270 = Voroshilovgrad
539 = Tula
711 = Klimovsk
188 = Novosibirsk

Along with the numbers there are also letters and symbols used on Russian commercial ammo. The pic below the headstamps of Ulyanovsk ammo has the two arrows in the circle like on the box. The Barnaul uses the square with the letters in it like on the box. The unmarked box on the right is Klimovsk and the top symbol is used on the headstamps of cartridges mfg. by them.

Tula Cartridge Works produced ammo at first with a TCW headstamp which later became the WOLF brand of ammo. Early imports of Tula ammo came in white boxes with black printing. Early imports of Wolf ammo had TCW headstamps even though they were packed in Wolf brand boxes. Now all the Wolf brand ammo has a WOLF headstamp.

Tula Cartridge Works produced ammo at first with a TCW headstamp which later became the WOLF brand of ammo. Early imports of Tula ammo came in white boxes with black printing. Early imports of Wolf ammo had TCW headstamps even though they were packed in Wolf brand boxes. Now all the Wolf brand ammo has a WOLF headstamp.

As you can see from the pic below the Russians have remained with the same design 20rd box but the graphics have improved over the years. A plain unprinted box imported in 1997,1998 printed box,1999 graphics,1999 colored box,2001,and 2004 boxes on the right with photo quality graphics.

As you can see from the pic below the Russians have remained with the same design 20rd box but the graphics have improved over the years. A plain unprinted box imported in 1997,1998 printed box,1999 graphics,1999 colored box,2001,and 2004 boxes on the right with photo quality graphics.

Currently there is rifle ammo being imported from 4 Russian ammo factories Ulyanovsk, Vympel, Barnaul, and Tula. The Klimovsk factory stopped producing ammo as the last imported was in 2002. Some factories produce ammo under their brand and other brands. Ulyanovsk produces ammo in the blue and white boxes under their name and also the Sapsan brand of ammo.

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Barnaul produces ammo under the Barnaul, Monarch, and RAM brands. The RAM stands for Russian Ammunition Manufacturing.

Tula produces only the Wolf brand of ammo and Vympel only produces Golden Tiger brand ammo.

The Bear brands of Russian Ammo

Currently there are 3 types of “Bear” rifle ammo imported the Silver Bear, Brown Bear, and Golden Bear. The different colors in the name of the “Bear” ammo denote the type of finish applied to the steel cases.

Silver = zinc plated

Brown = brown lacquer

Golden = brass plated

The Bear ammo is imported with soft point, hollow point, or full metal jacket bullets. The Silver Bear ammo was imported with two types of fmj bullets. The first type of Bear ammo imported was the Silver Bear in 2000 that was made by Klimovsk with a standard fmj bullet. Later the “match” Silver Bear ammo was imported made by Ulyanovsk with a fmj bullet with a nipple on the tip.

The next type ammo imported was the Brown Bear in 2001 and the Golden Bear in 2004. The Silver Bear and Brown Bear ammo imported before 2004 could be mfg. by Barnaul, Ulyanovsk, or Klimovsk. Ordering a case of Bear ammo was a toss up as to which company made the ammo You had to look on the box once you got it to see which company made it except the Match Silver Bear which has only been made by Ulyanovsk. For details on what cartridges and bullet types are available go to the importers website at

 Bear ammo website

The Russian ammunition manufacturers websites:

East Germany

After the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 the country was separated into two Germanys. The eastern half was controlled by Russia and the western half by the USA, Britain, and France. The eastern half was called the Soviet zone of occupation till 1949 a government organized by the Soviets named the country Deutschland Democratic Republic. The DDR was controlled by the Soviets so the DDR army adopted Soviet military arms and tactics. Due to political and economic forces the Soviet govt. collapsed in 1989 as did the governments of most of the eastern European countries controlled by the Soviets. East and West Germany were reunited into one government in 1991. With West Germany having been a North Atlantic Treaty Origination=NATO member since 1955 all DDR military equipment was incompatible with NATO equipment so was sold off as military surplus.

The First 7.62×39 ammo imported.

In 1992 Century Arms imported 15 million rounds of DDR 7.62x39mm M43 ammo which has steel core bullets. This ammo was not in boxes but sold loose in 1000 rd lots. It had headstamps of DDR ammo factory codes of 04 and 05. The two digit dates of the headstamps were in the 1960′s to 1980′s. This ammo had a grey lacquer finish on the cases and was corrosive primed.

Later Century Arms imported some DDR ammo in boxes.

Besides the M43 ammo blanks and practice ammo was imported. The practice ammo was sold by Century Arms in 1000 rd lots that came packed loose, in 20rd boxes, or in 10rd blister packs. The bullet was a copper plated steel jacket that had a plastic core that weighted 63 grains. It works well in AK rifles but is iffy functioning in SKS rifles. In the pic blanks, plastic core in the blister pack and box.

After the 1994 reclassification of steel core 7.62x39mm by the BATF as armor piercing ammo millions of rounds of M43 ammo was remanufactured in the former DDR. This ammo was of DDR and Hungarian mfg. denoted by the 04,05,and 22 factory codes of the headstamps. The M43 bullets were pulled a new mfg. lead core bullets were seated in the cases. It was imported in late 1994 and 1995. While legal to import with the lead core bullets all this ammo still had the corrosive primers in it. It was packed in white 20rd boxes with black printing and sold in 1000 rd cases. It was the first ammo to come in after the ban on Chinese guns and ammo that made the price of 7.62x39mm ammo rise to over $300 per case. All ammo from East Germany is corrosive primed. So make sure to clean your rifle as soon as possible after firing it.

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Mini – Shorty AK47 pistol

  • Close Up Pics of the Mini AK47 Pistol
  • Compared with the SAR-1
  • At the range – Shooting the Mini AK47 pistol
  • Ewbank Mini AK47 Pistol Compared with a
  • Horns Custom “Standard Size” AK47 Tactical Pistol
  • Ewbank Mini AK47 Pistol with bayonets
  • We review the new Ewbank Mini – Shorty AK47 pistol.
  • The smallest most reliable AK47 micro pistol on the planet.

We recently had the chance to review and shoot a custom built AK47 pistol built by Ken Ewbank of Ewbank Mfg in Winslow, Arizona USA. This is a real head turner, it’ll loud and accurate, fun to shoot and it attracts quite a crowd.

I’ve known Ken for about a year now and when we’ve talked the topic inevitably turns to the new projects he’s got on the custom table. But let me pause,

If you don’t know Ken, he’s the owner of Ewbank Manufacturing, Ken has been one of if not the largest manufacturers of mid range US built AK47 rifles, Ak47 pistols and AK47 receivers for years now. Ken’s shop handles production runs from dozens to hundreds of rifles and pistols to many of the major distributors, military and law enforcement all over the country.

Ken is not doing this just for the money, he is an AK nut, like many of us he’s happy to sit and build elaborate and detailed historic recreations and custom US versions of our favorite rifle. Ken takes some time here and there from running the production line to work on new ideas, custom jobs, and such.

He lets us know when something new is done or when an especially fancy custom job is finished so we can post pictures on our websites. And when Ken sent us a picture of one of his newest creations I placed an order that day. I know other people did too. But having a website to publish photos and reviews on has it’s perks and I received my new AK47 pistol at the Phoenix Gun Show this weekend. About two weeks later maybe three.

The following pictures should give you a pretty good idea of what this pistol looks like and we are editing a small video to show you how surprisingly accurate these tiny AK47s shoot.

We are not trying to say one of these AK47 rifles is better then the other, just to let everyone who might not otherwise see both laying next to each other see the differences and similarities between these two rifles.

Ewbank Custom Mini AK47 Pistol with Chinese Bayonet

Receiver: Ewbanks Gen 2
Parts: Mostly Romanian and some US parts. Most parts are highly modified
Cal: 7.62X39
Finish : Parkerized
Retail Price: $1199.99

Ewbank Mini AK47 Pistol Compared with the SAR-1

Here are the Ewbank Mini AK47 Pistol and the SAR-1 next to each other. The size difference is very apparent, the pistol looses over 3 pounds of metal and wood from the rifle

Back to back with the receivers lined up for another perspective on the scale of this mini AK47 pistol

With the Ewbank Mini AK47 Pistol with no stock (obviously) and the SAR-1next to each other, it’s obvious where a lot of the weight was.

The front end is highly modified. This was no hacksaw and grinder job that took ten minutes. This conversation took some clever engineering. It’s a unique design. The parts all fit together perfectly, there are no gaps or tool marks on this pistol.

The elements are all there, just closer together. It’s not as simple as it looks once you start to think about the various parts moving inside the AK47. The obvious items like the gas tube, barrel and handguards were simply a step in the process. Calculations needed to take into effect the pressure of the gasses that cycle the action when they are drawn from the barrel sooner than normal. Then that pressure needed to be regulated to provide enough with out too much pressure to the modified bolt carrier.

But the elements of the AK47 remain, the signature front sight post and exposed gas block and gas tube are all still there, just shortened and molded into a one handed version of the AK47

The AK47 pistol uses standard AK47 magazines

Once field stripped it’s easy to see how many parts are modified and altered to make this pistol. Again all the parts are there, just refined to make the same operation happen with less space to work in.


Ewbank Mini AK47 Pistol Compared with a
Horns Custom “Standard Size” AK47 Tactical Pistol

AK47 pistols are not brand new. They first hit the market a few years back and Ken has been one of the leading AK47 and AK47 pistols all that time. As one of the first large manufacturers of AK47 pistols, Ken has helped shape the style of Ak47 pistols on the market today. Chris Horn of Horn’s Custom Rifles has been building Ak47 pistols almost as long. Chris builds his pistols for the military and law enforcement market and they prefer the ‘Tactical’ styles like our sample here.

The Horn Ak47 pistol is built from AMD-65 parts so it’s barrel is the standard 14″ It has standard size AK47 front grips this one has built in rails for mounting optics

Back to back with the receivers lined up for another perspective on the scale of the mini AK47 pistol

The front ends of the two AK47 pistols

Another shot that just looks cool


Here it is with a Ewbank Mini Krink Pistol

I snapped this one when I picked it up. It’s the little cousin made with Krink parts, a few inches shorter than mine if you can believe it.


Ewbank Mini AK47 Pistol with bayonets

Now the best part.. Bayonets

a Red Chinese Bayonet on the Mini AK47 pistol

An AK47 pistol with a bayonet, this is the perk of my job. I like to think I’m the first one in history to have commissioned an AK47 pistol with a bayonet. I couldn’t be prouder.

a Bulgarian Bayonet on the Mini AK47 pistol

Another Chinese Bayonet on the Mini AK47 pistol, this one is black

a Polish Bayonet on the Mini AK47 pistol

a North Korean Bayonet on the Mini AK47 pistol

OK I think this might be German, or another black Chinese Bayonet on the Mini AK47 pistol I need to wait till it’s posted to see it bigger

Here is a Horns Custom Rifle’s Fake AK47 Suppressor on the Mini AK47 pistol. This would be a great safety feature for bump firing I bet

At the range – Shooting the Ewbank Mini AK47 Pistol

Sure we can all see what it looks like already, but HOW DOES IT SHOOT??

We took it out to shoot it at South East Regional Park (SERP) in Tucson, AZ. We shot about a hundred rounds, passing it around to let a variety of shooters give it a try. Most were similing or laughing when they finished all had nothing but good things to say about it. I wasn’t selling them or asking for quotes for this article, I was simply asking their opinion of it.

This little guy is loud don’t assume it’s quiet because it’s small. It quickly gets the attention of the shooters with it’s bark. Because the barrel is so short, the powder that would normally be burning inside the barrel comes out the barrel on fire, so you get these massive clouds of flame that bellow out the barrel slow enough to be seen easily in bright Arizona sunlight.

We shot it at the berm on the pistol side of the range this is about 60 yards from the firing line. All the testers were able to pick rocks and hit them while aiming. From the hip, which everyone preferred, most were able to walk the shots in on their target easily

Video of the day at the range on the way

Close Up Pics of the Ewbank Mini AK47 Pistol

The classic side angle mug shot of the Mini AK47 pistol. It’s very well built. Ken knows how to build an AK47 and when he has the time to build a custom gun like this by hand you can see his expertise in the fine details and quality

At under 7 pounds it’s not hard to hold with one hand

Like a fine automobile, yacht or aircraft there is no detail left untouched. Either Ken found a pristine parts kit or he took the time to clean up tool marks and any flaws all over this pistol, even on the inside which is rarely seen

The rivets on this AK47 pistol are uniform balanced and as close to perfect as I’ve seen on any guns. At $1200 these are not going to be a persons first AK47.

But if you are like me, totally nuts over this interesting and historic rifle, this pistol is a true work of American art.

Like a custom Harley these pistols are unique, tough looking, loud and just plain cool.

I can’t help but think when I look at it .. are there Russian website guys building websites reviewing the mini AR-15 pistols the Russian manufacturers there are making?

This little guy is loud don't assume it's quiet because it's small. It quickly gets the attention of the shooters with it's bark. Because the barrel is so short, the powder that would normally be burning inside the barrel comes out the barrel on fire, so you get these massive clouds of flame that bellow out the barrel slow enough to be seen easily in bright Arizona sunlight.

Egyptian Maadi AK47 Bayonet

Egyptian Maadi AK47 Bayonets are rare and a cool item for a AK47 bayonet collection. They are a type 2 version in a brown color that is unique. They are strong and built well. They are hard to find, in my opinion as a collector it’s just under the KM87 as far as difficulty finding and in cost.

The Egyptian Maadi AK47 Bayonet

Here’s a mock up of a German MPi-KM Folder mixed with the MPi-KM.
This one is made on an imported Egyptian Maadi with US parts and Egyptian bayonet.
Although this rifle was imported with no bayonet lug, you can’t tell in the pictures.

German MPi-KM Folder

and here’s the MPI-KM

Even with no lugs the bayonet fits into place.
If it was picked up the bayonet would fall right off… what a shame

Looking at the metal & finish of the Maadi and the Egyptian bayonet you can see the similarities. Well, OK more in real life than in the pictures perhaps. Both are very solid and well built.

Three Egyptian bayonets in great condition. These seem to be unused / un issued.
No marks, no scrapes nor dents or dings The leather and rubber are in perfect condition.

From the back the brass rivets are visable with some paint on them, not rust. The leather is in perfect unused condition. Unused leather on the correct type (not from a different bayonet) is a good indication of an umused bayonet as the leather wears out faster than just about any other part of the bayonet.

The serial numbers match on the bayonet and the scabbards.
The rubber is another indication of the amount of use the bayonet has seen

Very little markings other than what’s happened in shipping over the years
is visible on the soft plastic grips

The canvas strap is still in new condition and the correct type for this style Ak47 bayonet. Another indication of the quality of these bayonets.

The leather on the Egyptian AK47 bayonet is long enough to wrap easily around the canvas strap. This is not the same on many other versions of the Ak47 bayonets.

This shot is supposed to show the matching serial numbers
on the crossguard and the scabbard, but it is a cool looking shot on it’s own

So here’s your matching serial numbers

Pictures like this get taken just to piss off other collectors
If only they were consecutive numbers…

Couple more shots of the Egyptian AK47 bayonet on a Maadi

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AK47 Bolt Hold Open Safety Mod

One of the cool tricks Chris Horn of Horns Custom Rifles does to his custom AK47 builds. Be sure to watch the video to see it in action
AK47 Bolt Hold Open Safety Mod

One of the things about using an AK47 at a public shooting range is it’s lack of a bolt hold open. Most ranges require all rifles to be opened and unloaded during a cease fire, and typically the only option for an AK47 shooter is to hold the bolt back with a spent round or plastic chamber block. Chris devised a simple modification to the AK47 safety lever that will allow the bolt to safely stay back with the chamber open and visible.

This means you can step away from your rifle on a range and the line safety guys can see that your AK47 is unloaded easily.

One of the things about using an AK47 at a public shooting range is it's lack of a bolt hold open. Most ranges require all rifles to be opened and unloaded during a cease fire, and typically the only option for an AK47 shooter is to hold the bolt back with a spent round or plastic chamber block. Chris devised a simple modification to the AK47 safety lever that will allow the bolt to safely stay back with the chamber open and visible.

Bolt in the ‘open’ position using the modified AK47 safety lever

Another feature of the modified AK47 safety lever is the 'quick release' found in other rifles that have a bolt hold open feature. You can load a full magazine, and simply drop the safety then you are ready to shoot in almost no time

Bolt closed and the modified AK47 safety lever in the open to see

Another feature of the modified AK47 safety lever is the ‘quick release’ found in other rifles that have a bolt hold open feature. You can load a full magazine, and simply drop the safety then you are ready to shoot in almost no time

75 Round Ak47 Drum Magazine Instructions

Many people own these but few have the instructions.
75 Round Magazine Instructions

The Chinese drum fits any AK47 (7.62x39) style rifle that uses double stack magazines. You open the door of the magazine, load 75 rounds of ammo, close the door and wind up the spring. This system allows you to store ammo in the magazine. Load it, don't wind it until you need it. No springs to weaken during storage.

The Chinese drum fits any AK47 (7.62×39) style rifle that uses double stack magazines. You open the door of the magazine, load 75 rounds of ammo, close the door and wind up the spring. This system allows you to store ammo in the magazine. Load it, then don’t wind it. So no springs weaken during storage.

TO LOAD MAGAZINE

  • Unlatch and open the rear cover. Depress the spring loaded button in the center of the drum and turn the spindle clockwise until the magazine follower is returned to the beginning of the spiral track.
  • Insert five (5) rounds into the slots located nearest the top (column) section of the magazine.
  • With five rounds loaded, hold the spindle firmly in place with one hand. With the other hand, wind the spring tensioning key (located under the spring loaded button) CLOCKWISE three (3) clicks.

CAUTION: Hold the spindle securely while applying tension in order to prevent it from slipping and catching your fingers.
With the spring tensioned, quickly release the spindle. The five rounds loaded previously will be pushed to the top of the magazine, and the last round will hold the spindle in place.
At this point you have the option as to how to load the magazine. If cartridges are dropped in the remaining slots, the total magazine capacity will be seventy three (73) rounds. Alternately, if the procedure described as follows is used, the total capacity will be seventy five (75) rounds.

A.) Tilt the column portion of the drum at a slight downward angle and turn the spindle clockwise just slightly. Remove the last two rounds.

B.) Keep the drum tilted downwards, and rotate the spindle so that the follower is returned to the beginning of the spiral track (as in step 1).

C.) Insert two rounds in the top section and release the spindle. Complete loading the magazine by dropping cartridges into the remaining slots.

WARNING: THE ABOVE PROCEDURES SHOULD ONLY BE USED WHEN LOADING THE MAGAZINE TO ITS FULL CAPACITY OF 73 OR 75 ROUNDS. IF THE USER INTENDS TO LOAD ONLY A PARTIAL MAGAZINE, THEN THE MAGAZINE FOLLOWER MUST BE DIRECTLY BEHIND THE LAST CARTRIDGE. IF THERE IS A GAP BETWEEN THE LAST CARTRIDGE AND THE MAGAZINE FOLLOWER, THE DRUM MAY BE DAMAGED DURING FIRING.
With the drum fully loaded, close the rear cover and secure with both latches. Wind the mainspring with the key located on the rear cover. Wind the key seven (7) revolutions (360 degrees). If the magazine is loaded to only thirty (30) rounds, then the tension should be reduced to five (5) revolutions. DO NOT EXCEED THE RECOMMENDED NUMBER OF REVOLUTIONS AS THIS WILL CAUSE UNDUE WEAR OR BREAKAGE TO THE MAINSPRING.
With step six completed, the magazine is ready to use.

Romanian 7.62×39
75 round Drum Magazine
Loading & Unloading
74.6 kb

DURING PROLONGED PERIODS OF STORAGE:

Open the rear cover and depress the spring loaded button at the center of the drum. Do not tilt the drum, as the cartridges might fall out. Close and latch the back cover and re-tension the spring three (3) clicks. The drum magazine can be stored in this manner indefinitely.

TO UNLOAD THE MAGAZINE:

Open the rear cover and depress the spring loaded button at the center of the drum. Dump the cartridges out. The rounds in the column will need to be removed individually.

MAINTENANCE OF THE MAGAZINE:

Periodically, the magazine should be cleaned with solvent to prevent the build-up of unburned powder and grit in the spiral track. A significant amount of residue in the track may hinder the functioning of the drum.

To disassemble the drum magazine, open the real cover and depress the spring loaded button. Turn the spring tensioning key COUNTER-CLOCKWISE and remove it. Next, lift the spindle out of the magazine. DO NOT DISASSEMBLE THE MAGAZINE ANY FURTHER.

Arsenal SA M-7 and the Ewbank Romanian AK47

We saw two of these on the rack at a local gon shop and took a few pictures so everyone could see the difference between the two. One is a stamped Receiver the other is a milled receiver

We are not trying to say one of these AK47 rifles is better then the other, just to let everyone who might not otherwise see both laying next to each other see the differences and similarities between these two rifles.

We are not trying to say one of these AK47 rifles is better then the other, just to let everyone who might not otherwise see both laying next to each other see the differences and similarities between these two rifles.

Arsenal

Top / Left in Images

The SA M-7 (No Ban)

US made, 7.62, milled receiver, 14mm muzzle threads, muzzle brake, cleaning rod, bayonet lug, black polymer furniture, NATO buttstock years!

MSRP $800

Caliber: 7.62 x 39 mm

Ewbank

Bottom / Right of images

Romanian AKM Rifle
#EL009

Romanian AKM rifle with forward pistol grip, full wood stock set, and bakelite pistol grip. Comes with a 20 round magazine, DuraCoat finish, cleaning rod, slant break, and is covered for 5 

Retail Price: $599.99

7.62X39

Here you can see the major difference between these two rifles. The SA M-7 is a milled receiver and the Ewbank is a stamped receiver. The Ewbank also used the wood stock and front grips along with the front vertical grip on the lower handguard. You can also see the Ewbank features a cut out on the safety lever which creates a bolt hold open.

The Arsenal uses a black polymer for all it’s grips. These polymer furniture gives the Arsenal a newer look even though both these AK47s would be considered “New” rifles.

The Arsenal on top has a bit different shape because it’s a milled receiver AK47. But overall the view from above the rear sights looking down is pretty close tt he same on these two.

Another view of the rear sides of these rifles. The Arsenal stock is a bit smaller than the wooden version below.The milled receiver has no rivets so it looks a bit more smooth than the stamped model below.

A view from the top of the rear receivers, looking down on the rear trunion, recoil spring release button, stocks and receiver cover. Although many of these parts look the same, they are different and are not all interchangeable between these two guns.

Looking at the from ends of these two AK47 rifles. The Arsenal uses a barrel nut (flat muzzle break) while the Ewbank uses the slant muzzle break used on most AK47 rifles around the world.Note the muzzle break is twisted to an incorrect position. (flat / horizontal)

The gas tubes are different styles but they function the same. Both have the bayonet lug and typical front top grips

Again the front sight posts are almost the same both use the same sight post, both use the same tools to adjust them.

Another shot looking down the barrel of both rifles

Factories where foreign AK47s are / were Manufactured

We get many questions about them, so we were curious about the factories where the AK47 are made. Here’s what we found
Factories where foreign AK47s are / were Manufactured
US AK47 Manufacturers & Builders – Click Here

Poland
State Armory in Radom
Lucznik in Radom
East Germany/DDR
Suhl factory
Ernst Thaelmann VEB
RPC/China
Polytech
Norinco / North China Industries
Bulgaria
Arsenal
Russia
Izhevsk factory
Tula arsenal
Polyany arsenal
East Germany/DDR

Since the 14th century, craftsmen in the town of Suhl, Germany, deep in the Thuringen Forest, have been known as the world’s finest weapons makers. Suhl Arms Production factory in the former East Germany, the USSR handed over the factory to German Democratic Repuplic (GDR), 1952 the government renamed it to “VEB Fahrzeug- und Ger’tewerk Simson Suhl”. Little by little the production of sporting guns started again.. In 1898, the Merkel brothers founded a factory in Suhl that was the first to industrially manufacture over-and-under guns. The Merkel factory grew rapidly, and in 1914 the production line introduced side-by-side (SxS) shotguns. The reputation of Merkel guns circulated quickly throughout Germany, and then throughout the world.
Suhl factory


“circle in diamond mark”

seen on E.German Makarov pistols / AK47 receiver along with (K3) mark

Ernst Thaelmann VEB

(K3)
“K3 in ellipse/oblonged circle mark”

seen on German MPiAK74N , AK 47 version receiver

(*):(VEB is no trademark! VEB means “Volkseigener Betrieb” or ” people owned factory” …so aside from “Kombinat”s,the “VEB”s where one common form of socialist production units throughout the whole GDR/DDR usually held apart with a socialist heroes name like Ernst Thaelmann)

Poland

Lucznik factory in Radom. State Armory in Radom employs 6,000 workers and produces the Kalashnikov assault rifle
- Lucznik factory

11
“number 11 mark”

- State Armory in Radom

Bulgaria

ARSENAL factory
“ARSENAL” Ltd. is a modern infrastructure plant specialized in machine-building and the production of small arms and artillery systems, ammunition, powders, primers, pyrotechnic products, hard- alloy tools etc. Its history dates back to the beginning of 1878. Arsenal produces many models of assault rifles, grenade launchers and anti-aircraft guns including small quantities of NATO caliber weapons. Its most notable weapon is the Kalashnikov, ‘regarded as one of the East bloc’s finest, and over 1 million of the submachine guns found their way from here (Bulgaria) to the armies and armed gangs of the world’.

ARSENAL Co. produces a number of products for civilian use such as industrial machines and tools, anti-hail rockets, signaling rockets, items for the mining industry, and others. production and trade of processing and non standard equipment, cemented carbide materials and tools, small arms, artillery systems, accessories for them, ammunition, primers, powders, charges, pyrotechnic products.

Arsenal Co., 100
Rozova Dolina St., 6100
Kazanluk, Bulgaria

www.arsenal-bg.com

Russia

Izhevsk factory / Izhmash
Izhevsk IMEZ stands for Izhevskii Mechanicheskii Zavod or Izhevsk Mechanical Factory located in the city of Izhevsk near the Ural Mountains. Ishevsk is a city in Russia and lies 77 km northwest from Sarapul. Due to the influence of access of the river Ischa in the Urals , in 1760 were created there by the Russian count Schuwalow an iron goods factory, which manufactured mainly firearms, primarily cannons. In 1763 the factory was taken over by the Russian government and produces weapons to this day.

Izhmash is the successor of the former Ishevsk weapon manufacturer. Izhmash is a goverment, state owned enterprise, but has the right to close its own business contracts and deals without governmental interference.

Ishevsk is a city in Russia and lies 77 km northwest from Sarapul. Due to the influence of access of the river Ischa in the Urals , in 1760 were created there by the Russian count Schuwalow an iron goods factory, which manufactured mainly firearms, primarily cannons. In 1763 the factory was taken over by the Russian government and produces weapons to this day.

3, Derjabin Pr., Izhevsk
Udmurt Republic, 426006, Russia
Fax: (095) 249-53-26; (3412) 49-56-39
Telephone: (095) 249-03-36; (3412) 51-22-83; 49-55-31

www.izhmash.ru

Izhevsk, the capital city of Udmurtia, is located in the central part of the Republic of Udmurtia . In territory it is 31,666 hectares. Currently the population of Izhevsk is 700,000 people which amounts to 40% of the population of the whole republic.

//\\
“arrow in triangle mark”

(arrow pointing upwards to the top point of triangle)
seen on Russian red/orange and dark plum (commonly referred to as black) synthetic 30 rnd AK74 (5.45×39) mags.

{/\}
“arrow in shield mark”

(trade mark…former bow and arrow)
seen on Izhevsk products like pistol grips, etc.

Tula factory

Tula ( Tuljskaja Gubernija) was in 1891 a District or Province of European Russia. Previously, Tula belonged to the District of Moscow until 1777 . The District was about 200 km south of Moscow, and covered roughly 31,000 square kilometers with approximately 1.34 million inhabitants in 1882. The District was rich in natural resources such as , iron, and was very suitable for cottage industries. Tula, the capitol of the District was known to have areas of strong ore deposits situated quite near to it.
The first weapons factory in Tula , was established in1632.

The city was a prime location for rail access because of the river Upa and in 1882 had particularly good rail connections In the year 1896 armament makers with the aid of 1,400 machine tools could manufacture 913 weapons per day.

In the last years 19th Century the factory was extended because of the pending production of the three-line rifles and received approximately 1,400 new machines, mostly from France. In addition to the different army rifles, the Nagant pistol, other light arms and edged weapons, hunting rifles and ammunition was manufactured there.

*
“star mark” (Tula arsenal)

(5 pointed, outlined star)
seen on Russian brown synthetic 30 rnd AK74 (5.45×39) mags.

/*\
“star in triangle mark”

Polyany arsenal (Molot)

Vyatskie Polyany Machine Building Plant which uses the trade name “Molot”. Machine Building Plant MOLOT. Polyany manufactures the VEPR Rifle and BECAs shotguns. It possesses modern technologies and equipment, highly-skilled engineers and highly-trained workers.half-century tradition in the production of hunting arms based on Kalashnickov system 40-years experience in the production of motor vehicles and parts production and mounting of Packing Equipment

135 Lenin Street, Vyatskie Polyany,
Kirov Region, 612900, Russia
+7 83334 26611
+7 83334 22199; +7 83334 21832

{*}
“star in shield mark” ()

(5 pointed outlined star in shield)
seen on RPK drum mags and bakelite RPK 74 (5.45×39) 45 rnd synthetic mags.

- Baikal (Not really Another Russian Arms Factory)
Baikal is a foreign trade organization this is similar to North China Industries (NORINCO). This was a governmental organization that was used to market Soviet goods abroad. Similarly, all shotguns, both of the Izhevsk and Tula manufacture, were branded as BAIKAL. The largest supplier of shotguns was the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant.

China

These are really export companies, and the rifles with these names were contracted from several military arsenals for export by Polytech and Norico
- Polytech

(386)
“single circle 386 mark”

reported on receivers / trunnion of Polytech AKs.

- Norinco / China North Industries Group

/66\
” 66 in triangle ” ()

66 – reported on chinese origin metal magazines.


Much of the information on this page is collected and posted by Code(10) at

http://code10.kalashnikov.guns.ru/index.html